GAMBUT (Generating Anticipatory Measures for Better Utilization of Tropical Peatlands) Project is a response to a long-term dramatic development in fire vulnerability in Indonesia’s peatland.



Fire Risk System in 10 provinces

North Sumatera, Riau, South Sumatera, Jambi, Lampung, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, and Papua

GAMBUT work in 8 districts

bengkalis, dumai, rokan hilir, siak

BARITO selatan, kapuas, palangkaraya, pulang pisau

Office in 4 provinces

RIAU, south sumatera, west kalimantan, & CENTRAL KALIMANTAN

Scoping studies in 2 provinces



Every year during the dry season, peat fires in Indonesia pose challenges for the health and livelihoods of the people of Indonesia, and all of Southeast Asia. These fires begin when landowners use fire to cheaply clear the land or claim land rights. However peat is combustible, unlike other soils, and when it catches fire, it burns deep into the ground - somestudies suggest it may burn as deep as 12 meters. The smoke from peat fires destroys biodiversity, interrupts air traffic, stops tourism, closes businesses, and causes widespread cardiovascular illnesses. During El Niño years, when there are prolonged dry seasons, the destruction from the fires and haze is even worse.

For example, in 2015, one of the worst El Niño years on record, estimates suggest that in just five months, 43 million people were exposed to the dangerous haze, as many as 100,000 people died as a result of it, and the related financial losses were as high as IDR 221 trillion, which was 1.9% of the GDP - more than the country’s entire 2014 palm oil profits.